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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 336-344

Odontogenic tumors: A histopathological overview

1 Department of Pathology, Dr. D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Queen's Medical Centre, Lenton, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Sumedha P Shinde
Department of Pathology, Dr. D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital, Sector 7, Nerul, Navi Mumbai 400706, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mgmj.mgmj_39_22

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Introduction: Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are rare and account for around 1% of jaw lesions including tumor and tumor-like lesions. OTs are a diverse category of lesions, displaying different inductive interactions. Although some are hamartomas, others are benign and malignant neoplasms with varying degrees of aggressiveness. Materials and Methods: We plan to review the histopathological aspects of OTs because of their diverse properties. At a tertiary medical and dental institute in Pune, India, we studied 28 cases of OTs over 2 years, from 2013 to 2015. Results: The most common forms of OTs were ameloblastoma (42.86%) and odontogenic keratocyst (21.15%). The highest number of OTs was found in the 21–30-year-old age group, with an even gender distribution. Conclusion: Ameloblastoma is the most common OT, accounting for roughly one-quarter of all jaw tumors. The majority of OTs occurs in young people aged 20–40 years. Fortunately, malignant OTs are extremely rare.

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