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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 256-257

2020–21: double-edged with COVID -19 pandemic & domestic violence

1 Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada-533001, India
2 Department of Forensic Medicine, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam- 530002, India
3 Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation (KIMS&RF), Amalapuram- 533201, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Submission04-Oct-2021
Date of Acceptance26-Mar-2022
Date of Web Publication17-Jun-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Lakshmi Venkata Simhachalam Kutikuppala
Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation (KIMS&RF), Amalapuram- 533201, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mgmj.mgmj_74_21

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How to cite this article:
Kalyani PS, Raju SK, Kutikuppala LV. 2020–21: double-edged with COVID -19 pandemic & domestic violence. MGM J Med Sci 2022;9:256-7

How to cite this URL:
Kalyani PS, Raju SK, Kutikuppala LV. 2020–21: double-edged with COVID -19 pandemic & domestic violence. MGM J Med Sci [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jul 6];9:256-7. Available from: http://www.mgmjms.com/text.asp?2022/9/2/256/347703

  Introduction Top

Domestic Violence (DV) is defined as a sequence ranging from verbal abuse, through threats and alarming, manipulative behavior, and sexual and physical assault, to rape and homicide. such violence is often against children and women by men. Domestic violence creates fear within the victim, who is shamefaced, becomes less conscious of parenting, and eventually neglects her child.[1]

The rise in DV could also be imputed to the disparity in household work, especially among the families suffering from substance use disorder, COVID 19 has worsened the DV. The strain of economic instability itself has resulted in increased consumption of alcohol, thereby increasing DV independently. During the lockdown, the perpetrator might inflict violence on the spouse demanding to fulfill his alcohol consumption needs or might consume alcohol at houses, in presence of his related members, because the liquor outlets are closed. In both above scenarios, DV worsens.[2]


As Covid-19 and the lockdown that followed confined people to their homes, complaints of domestic violence and crime against women went up while those of harassment, sexual abuse, and rape dipped, with the effect more pronounced within the country’s red zones, districts with the strictest lockdown measures. “Domestic abuse” and “domestic violence helpline” were the two major Google search terms that started to significantly rise in mid-March and peaked on April 19 and on May 10 in India, found by the UCLA research. The study says, “This is a crucial finding because if we were to easily estimate the impact of lockdowns on violence against women, we’d find null results due to the rise in domestic violence and cybercrimes and therefore the decrease in rape and harassment, masking important heterogeneities. Also suggest that women face a portfolio of danger, and few policies can improve certain types of violence outcomes while exacerbating others.[3]


According to recent data from National Legal Service Authority (NLSA), the rates of domestic violence (DV) have raised all over the nation after lockdown. Initially, at the start of lockdown, 257 reports of different offenses against women have been received by National Commission for Women (NCW) out of which 69 cases have been reported as domestic violence (DV). According to NCW, the highest numbers of domestic violence (DV) cases have been reported from Punjab throughout lockdown and all the cases have complained about email. The number of cases may be more as all have no accessibility due to lockdown. In the capital city of India, Delhi, it has been reported that about 2500 women calls have been received from emergency helpline number out of which 600 calls have been classified as women’s abuse, 23 calls have been recorded as rapes, and most of the calls 1612 have been accounted as domestic violence (DV). As per NALSA’s report, a maximum number of domestic violence (DV) cases have been received from Uttarakhand (144) followed by Haryana (79), Delhi (63) respectively. The crimes against women have raised by 21% and of them, 700 cases have been reported as domestic violence (DV). The crimes against women have surged from 4,709 to 5,695 since March and the domestic violence (DV) cases have increased from 3,287 to 3,993 in the course of lockdown.[4]

The world has come to a standstill due to the lockdown. The lives of many women across the globe have come to a halt. This violence is being repeated and inflicted routinely, and regularly during the lockdown. The period of uncertainty and fear of distress associated with the pandemic has provided an entitled environment that led to an exacerbation of diverse forms of violence. Measures such as restricted travel, sheltering in place, social distancing, and closures of community places and gatherings are likely to dramatically increase the risk of family violence in the year 2020.[5]

An integrated approach involving a collaborative response of governments, police, judiciary, mental health experts, researchers, NGOs, and women activists is essential and need of the hour in creating a comprehensive and inclusive action plan for tackling domestic violence in times of pandemic.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Huecker MR, King KC, Jordan GA Domestic violence. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022.  Back to cited text no. 1
Vora M, Malathesh BC, Das S, Chatterjee SS COVID-19 and domestic violence against women. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;53:102227.  Back to cited text no. 2
Karishma M More domestic violence complaints in red zones during a lockdown: Study. The Indian Express. 2020. Available from: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/more-domestic-violence-complaints-in-red-zones-during-lockdown-study-6520868/. Accessed January 13, 2021.  Back to cited text no. 3
Das M, Das A, Mandal A Examining the impact of lockdown (due to COVID-19) on domestic violence (DV): An evidences from india. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;54:102335.  Back to cited text no. 4
UN Women. COVID-19 and Its Economic Toll on Women: The Story Behind the Numbers. 2020. Available from: https://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2020/9/feature-covid-19-economic-impacts-on-women. Accessed January 06, 2021.  Back to cited text no. 5


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