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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-45

Human vaccines industry in China, 2019: Part—I


Ex-Adviser, Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prasanta Kumar Ghosh
Ex-Adviser, Department of Biotechnology, Government of India; BlockC2B, Flat 5A, Janakpuri, New Delhi 110058, Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mgmj.MGMJ_27_20

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China is presently the most populous country; the annual birth rate is estimated at above 18 million each year over the next 5 years. The number of the aged population is also increasing. Continuous in-country demand for vaccines will, therefore, be maintained, providing opportunities for the manufacturers. China produces a large number of vaccines, presently estimated at 55 different types, which are used to protect against 28 types of individual infectious microbial diseases. The country has presently a total of 41 vaccine manufacturing companies, of which 21 are the major ones. The manufacturing capacity appears to be over 1000 a million doses per annum and the annual production in 2019 was over 700 million doses. Chinese imports of vaccines have remained low. The major government establishment, the China National Biotec Group (CNBG) companies are the leading manufacturer of vaccines in China and supply more than 50% of all the vaccines consumed in the country. CNBG is a research-driven biotech establishment and is engaged in R&D, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of vaccines and blood products. CNBG has six institutes of biological products besides other assets; the six institutes are also engaged in the manufacture, distribution, and sale of vaccines through their manufacturing companies and establishments in China. CNBG has seven vaccine manufacturing units. CNBG is a subsidiary of China National Pharmaceutical Group Corporation (Sinopharm). Sinopharm infrastructure shoulders the social responsibility of Chinese national medical and pharmaceutical reserve on a sustainable long-term basis, including handling of emergency situations. Sinopharm is under the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) of the State Council of China and is engaged in 10 core business activities that cover biopharmaceutical products, including vaccines.


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